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William Burges Settle

Rare Burges furniture with literary connections acquired for Bedford

Bedford Borough Council’s Cecil Higgins Art Gallery & Bedford Museum has purchased a unique piece of furniture created by one of the UK’s most celebrated 19th Century makers.


The rare item is a unique Zodiac Settle designed by a leading figure of the 19th century Gothic Revival movement, William Burges. Designed for his own use, the Zodiac Settle (built around 1869) is an ornate canopied bench that combines the form of an Italian Renaissance day-bed with a castellated canopy.


Subject to a temporary export bar since June 2010, this unique and experimental piece of furniture has been saved for the nation thanks to a £480,000 grant from the National Heritage Memorial Fund (NHMF), £190,000 from the Trustees of the Cecil Higgins Art Gallery and £180,000 from the Art Fund.


Previously owned by two prominent literary figures, Evelyn Waugh and John Betjeman, the settle will now form the centre piece of the Art Gallery & Museum’s new William Burges Gallery, due to open to the public late in 2012.


Cllr Doug McMurdo, portfolio holder for Leisure & Culture, at Bedford Borough Council, said: “The collection at Bedford Art Gallery and Museum will hugely benefit from this new addition which will enhance enormously the future new William Burges Gallery. Bedford Borough Council is delighted that the three organisations have been able to secure the funding for this unique item.”


Dame Jenny Abramsky, Chair of the NHMF, said: “This is exciting news. This stunning settle demonstrates why Burges was so highly regarded. The National Heritage Memorial Fund recognises its huge importance and I’m delighted it will now stay in Bedford for future generations to enjoy.”


Stephen Deuchar, Director of the Art Fund said: “We’re thrilled to see this unique and idiosyncratic settle go on show at the Cecil Higgins Art Gallery & Bedford Museum. It’s wonderful to think that this piece of furniture was once owned by two of Britain’s most celebrated literary figures, and now that it will be shown alongside other gems by Burges, people should be able to attain a rich, detailed picture of the maker’s creativity and innovation. We thank all our members for helping us give such a generous grant towards this purchase – and we encourage anyone who cares about saving rare items such as this to join us today!”


The settle is made from painted, stencilled and gilded wood, decorated with rock crystal and slips of vellum. The central panel, painted by Burges’ collaborator Henry Stacey Marks, features the sun on a throne surrounded by the dancing signs of the zodiac. The settle’s other panels show the planets as musicians and female figures.


William Burges (1827 – 1881) was one of the most distinguished Victorian architects. His skills extended beyond architecture and he is particularly remembered for his painted furniture. The Settle is an idiosyncratic example of Burges’ skill for re-interpreting medieval forms and decorations and gives rare insight into the mind of the architect.


The settle is also significant to the revival of interest in Victorian art and design in the 20th century. This is personified by two prominent British literary figures who were former owners of the piece. John Betjemen and Evelyn Waugh. Betjemen was left the remaining lease on Tower House, including some of the furniture, by ERB Graham in 1961, reflecting Betjeman’s fame as a public defender of 19th century architecture. Betjeman gave three pieces of furniture to Evelyn Waugh: the Zodiac Settle, the Philosophy Cabinet (private collection) and the Narcissus Washstand (Cecil Higgins Art Gallery & Bedford Museum). Waugh writes in a letter to his daughter Maragret FitzHerbert in July 1965, of the settle ‘looking very well between the windows of the morning-room’. Subsequently the Settle has passed through the Waugh family by descent.


Cecil Higgins Art Gallery & Bedford Museum is the perfect home for this unique settle. It currently houses the finest collection of painted furniture designed by Burges. These include the Sleeping Beauty Bed, the Narcissus Washstand and a dressing table, all from Burges’ own bedroom. In addition, the collection includes a pair of cabinet doors, a wardrobe, a zodiac-themed bookcase, a tulip vase, a decorative silver decanter, a set of knives and forks, an enamelled silver bracelet and a set of 30 zodiac-themed tiles.


Burges always intended the settle for his own home. Firstly, his rooms on Buckingham Street off the Strand, in London, and later Tower House, the gothic residence Burges built for himself in Holland Park. Unlike other pieces of his painted furniture, the settle was an experiment in form and the design was never repeated in any of his later furniture commissions.


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