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Summary of Changes in Deprivation 2010-2015

Changes in Bedford Borough Deprivation Levels

There was some deterioration in the overall level of (relative) deprivation in the Borough between 2010 and 2015.

This is evidenced by the:

  1. decline in the overall Borough ranking; for example on the 'rank of average score' on the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) the Borough was ranked 159 of 326 English local authorities in 2010 (where 1 is the most deprived), but declined to 148 in 2015
  2. greater number of LSOAs falling within the 0-20% most deprived areas, rising from 11 in 2010 to 14 in 2015 (the 3 additional LSOAs were in Queens Park (2) and Putnoe wards)
  3. worsening average LSOA rankings on the IMD in many of the more deprived wards including Cauldwell, Goldington, Harpur, Kingsbrook and Queens Park.

 

Among individual dimensions of deprivation, there was generally little change in the Borough between 2010 and 2015, though the number of LSOAs in the 0-10% decile on the Income related measures (the Income Domain, IDACI and IDAOPI) was lower, indicating some improvement. 

There was also improvement in the Health and Disability Domain with only 2 LSOAs in the 0-10% decile compared to 6 in 2010 (though 8 were in the 10-20% decile compared to only 5 in 2010).

This Excel file provides data and charts comparing the distribution of Bedford Borough LSOAs in 2010 and 2015 on each of:  the IMD, the 7 individual Domains of deprivation, IDACI, IDAOPI, and the Geographical Barriers measure.

 

Deprivation in the Most Deprived Areas is Persistent

Deprivation is clearly strongly entrenched in the most deprived areas.  Of the 22 LSOAs which were among the 0-30% most deprived areas in England on the IMD in 2010, every single one was still among the 0-30% areas in 2015.

Of the 25 LSOAs that were among the 0-30% most deprived areas in 2015, only 5 improved their ranking between 2010 and  2015.  Relative deprivation worsened in 20 of the 25.

 

Changing Ethnic Composition of Deprived Areas

Areas of high deprivation in Bedford and Kempston generally have a much higher proportion of residents from Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) groups than the Borough as a whole. 

Across the 14 LSOAs in the Borough which fall among the 0-20% most deprived areas in England, BME groups form slightly over 50% of the population.  This BME proportion is much higher than the 28.5% among the total Borough population, or the 37% BME in Bedford and Kempston where all 14 of these LSOAs are located.

The proportion of residents in the 0-20% most deprived areas who are from BME groups increased significantly between 2010 (30%) and 2015 (51%). The highest BME proportion in 2015 among the 14 LSOAs was LSOA 539 in Queens Park (74%) and the lowest was LSOA 531 in Putnoe (25%).

 

For further information, please contact: intelligence@bedford.gov.uk

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