Summary of Changes in Deprivation 2010-2015
Changes in Bedford Borough Deprivation Levels
There was some deterioration in
the overall level of (relative) deprivation in the Borough
between 2010 and 2015.
This is evidenced by the:
- decline in the overall Borough
ranking; for example on the 'rank of average score' on the Index of
Multiple Deprivation (IMD) the Borough was ranked 159 of 326
English local authorities in 2010 (where 1 is the most deprived),
but declined to 148 in 2015
- greater number of LSOAs falling within
the 0-20% most deprived areas, rising from 11 in 2010 to 14 in
2015 (the 3 additional LSOAs were in Queens Park (2) and Putnoe
- worsening average LSOA rankings on the
IMD in many of the more deprived wards including Cauldwell,
Goldington, Harpur, Kingsbrook and Queens Park.
Among individual dimensions of
deprivation, there was generally little change in the Borough
between 2010 and 2015, though the number of LSOAs in the 0-10%
decile on the Income related measures (the Income Domain, IDACI and
IDAOPI) was lower, indicating some improvement.
There was also improvement in the
Health and Disability Domain with only 2 LSOAs in the 0-10% decile
compared to 6 in 2010 (though 8 were in the 10-20% decile compared
to only 5 in 2010).
This Excel file
provides data and charts comparing the distribution of
Bedford Borough LSOAs in 2010 and 2015 on each of: the
IMD, the 7 individual Domains of deprivation, IDACI, IDAOPI, and
the Geographical Barriers measure.
Deprivation in the Most Deprived Areas is Persistent
Deprivation is clearly strongly
entrenched in the most deprived areas. Of the 22 LSOAs which
were among the 0-30% most deprived areas in England on the IMD in
2010, every single one was still among the 0-30% areas in
Of the 25 LSOAs that were among
the 0-30% most deprived areas in 2015, only 5 improved their
ranking between 2010 and 2015. Relative deprivation
worsened in 20 of the 25.
Changing Ethnic Composition of Deprived Areas
Areas of high deprivation in Bedford
and Kempston generally have a much higher proportion of residents
from Black and Minority Ethnic
(BME) groups than the Borough as a whole.
Across the 14 LSOAs in the Borough
which fall among the 0-20% most deprived areas in England, BME
groups form slightly over 50% of the population.
This BME proportion is much higher than the 28.5% among the total
Borough population, or the 37% BME in Bedford and Kempston where
all 14 of these LSOAs are located.
The proportion of residents in the 0-20% most deprived areas who
are from BME groups increased significantly between 2010 (30%) and
2015 (51%). The highest BME proportion in 2015 among the 14 LSOAs
was LSOA 539 in Queens Park (74%) and the lowest was LSOA 531
in Putnoe (25%).
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