Most of the energy we use in our homes
is produced using processes that release CO2 emissions
into the air. Energy used in homes is responsible for over a
quarter of all UK emissions of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse
gas causing climate change, so making your home as energy efficient
as possible and reducing the amount of energy you use is
one of the most effective ways of reducing your fuel bills and
helping to mitigate climate change.
Find out how Energy Efficient you
Home Energy Check
Use the EST's Home Energy Check to find
out the overall energy efficiency of your home, and the carbon
emissions you produce. You can then see what improvements you
can make to use less energy, save on carbon emissions, improve your
Energy Performance Certificate rating, and save money. The Home
Energy Check produces a full report with all the details of
your home's energy use and the savings you could make.
What can I do to make my home more
Heat Your Home Well:
- Turn the thermostat down by
1°C. It could cut your heating bills by up to 10%.
- If your boiler is 15 years old or
more, replacing it with a new high efficiency boiler can save you
around a third on your heating bills.
- Electric Storage Heaters work best
with an Economy 7 electricity tariff as these work by storing
heat during off-peak periods when electricity is cheaper, and
releasing it into the room the following day and evening. You might
have to adjust the input control to anticipate the following day’s
weather, although some storage heaters have their own thermostats
which do the job for you. Storage Heater
Keep Your Heat In:
- Close your curtains at dusk to stop heat
escaping through the windows and fit draught-proofing to seal any
gaps around windows and doors to stop heat escaping.
- If your home has cavity walls, they can be
insulated to reduce heat loss. Also, make sure you have at least 10
inches (270mm) of loft insulation. More information on Home
Be Wise with Energy:
- Always turn off the lights when you leave a
room, and adjust your curtains or blinds to let in as much light as
possible during the day.
- Choose electrical appliances that are energy
efficient and therefore will be cheaper to run. Find out
new EU Energy Label and how it can help you to choose the
most energy and water efficient fridges, washing machines and
- Do not leave the fridge door open for longer
than necessary, as this will let cold air out. Avoid putting
hot or warm food straight into the fridge; allow it to cool down
first. Defrost your fridge regularly to keep it running
efficiently and cheaply.
- Choose the right size pan for the food and
cooker (the base should just cover an electric cooking ring), and
keep lids on when cooking. With gas the flames only need heat
the bottom of the pan. If they lick up the side then you’re
- Heat the amount of water you need in the
kettle, and make sure you cover the element. Jug type kettles
need less water as they have smaller elements.
- To cut down on wasted energy, avoid leaving
appliances such as TVs on standby and remember not to leave
appliances on charge unnecessarily, such as mobile phones.
- Always wash a full load in your washing
machine, at 30°C, or use a half-load or economy setting.
- Hang your washing on a line or dryer, instead
of using a tumble dryer, which uses energy.
- Set the cylinder thermostat at
60°C (140°F) which is fine for bathing
- Borrow an energy monitor from the library.
- Find out about how smart
meters will help you use less energy.
Further sources of advice:
Energy Saving Advice Service
Call the Energy Saving Advice Service
helpline, run by the Energy Saving Trust (EST): 0300 123
1234 (calls are charged at the standard national
rates), or visit the Energy Saving Trust
website for impartial advice on how to save energy in your
home. The advice service also signposts callers
to schemes that can help install energy-saving measures
in their homes and reduce their fuel bills such
as the Energy Companies Obligation.
Home Heat Helpline
The Home Heat Helpline advises people
worried about paying their energy bills and keeping warm during the
winter. It also gives advice to low-income households in urgent
need of heating help and advice. It is free to call and is open
9am-6pm Monday to Fridays. Call the Home Heat Helpline on
0800 336699 for free and practical advice to help
you save money on your energy bills.
Which? Creating an Energy Saving
Cut your heating and bills by making your home more energy
efficient - advice on finding the right boiler and heating
system to generating your own energy at home using solar panels is
available on the Which?
Creating an Energy Saving Home website.
This guide will help you reduce your gas and electricity bills.
It shows you ways to cut your energy use, and ways to pay less for
the energy you do use: Ofgem leaflet: How to save
money and use less energy.
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