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Births and deaths

Fertility / Mortality

All Local Authorities have a duty to improve the health of the population they serve. To help with this, we use data and information from a range of source data, including data collected at the registration of a birth or death to understand more about the health and care needs in the area.  Patients have the right to object to their data being shared. More information on data protection can be found here:

https://ico.org.uk/for-organisations/guide-to-data-protection/principle-1-fair-and-lawful/

 

 

Births / Deaths

Natural Change is the difference between the number of births and the number of deaths each year which, together with migration, are the main components of population change.  While the number of births rose significantly between 2007 and 2009, they have slowly dropped again with only a slight fluctuation, with 2013 being the lowest since 2008. The number of deaths, however, has remained largely constant, excepting a noticeable dip in 2011 and 2012.  Natural Change has decreased for the first time since 2010: (Figure 1).

 

Figure 1: Births and Deaths

 

Births

Deaths

Natural Change

2001

1704

1336

368

2002

1805

1385

420

2003

1804

1381

423

2004

1869

1345

524

2005

1922

1345

577

2006

1938

1326

612

2007

1928

1340

588

2008

2111

1344

767

2009

2162

1333

829

2010

2119

1357

762

2011

2088

1269

819

2012

2116

1278

838

2013

2074

1330

744

B&D1 2015

Source: National Statistics 2015

Fertility

Bedford Borough’s General Fertility Rate(GFR)1 was 65.7 in 2013, higher than that of England (62.4) and the East of England (63.7).

It is also high compared to recent years which range from 59.8 to 66.9 over the previous 6 years.  This reflects the large increase in the number of births during 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2012, due in part to the recent increase in migrants from the European Union Accession countries.

Mortality

Mortality rates in Bedford Borough are lower than those in the East of England and in England (Table 1).


Table 1: Mortality Rates2013

 

Mortality Rate

BedfordBorough

East of England

England

Crude

8.2

8.9

8.8

Standard

94.4

94.0

100

Source: National Statistics 2015
 

The crude rate has declined slightly over recent years in line with the national and regional rates, as has the standard rate.

The areas of highest deprivation have a significantly higher rate of mortality than the areas of lowest deprivation within Bedford Borough.

Infant mortality

High rates of infant mortality can be seen as a product of disadvantaged communities.  Although Bedford Borough had a higher rate of perinatal mortality than the East of England and England in 2012, the actual number of deaths was small (19) and the higher rate cannot, therefore, be interpreted as significant (Table 2). Infant mortality and deaths under 4 weeks rates were both lower than the regional and national figures, but again actual numbers were low.

 
Table 2: Infant Mortality 2012
 

Age

BedfordBorough

East of England

England

Under 1 year

3.8

3.9

4.1

Under 4 weeks

2.4*

2.8

3.0

Perinatal mortality rate

8.9*

6.4

7.0

Source: National Statistics 2014

*Denotes a rate calculated from less than 20 events.


Causes of Death

The total number of deaths in the Borough has remained fairly constant in recent years.  Approximately one third of all deaths each year are caused by diseases of the circulatory system which includes heart disease and strokes. Neoplasms (cancer) are responsible for almost another third of deaths.

Other main causes of death include pneumonia (6%), bronchitis, emphysema and other COPD (5%), and accidents (2%).

The breakdown of causes of mortality are shown in Figure 2 below.


Figure 2

 

BD22015

 
 


(1) General Fertility Rate (GFR) is defined as the number of live births per 1,000 women aged 15-44

(2)Crude Mortality Rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 population (Mid 2012 estimates)

(3) Standard Mortality Rate is the number of observed deaths as a % of the expected deaths if the population of an area experienced the same age specific deaths as England and Wales.

(4)Deaths under 1 year per 1,000 live births

(5)]Deaths under 4 weeks per 1,000 live births

(6) Stillbirths and deaths under 1 week combined per 1,000 live births

(7)  Source: National Statistics 2014

 

 

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