What is Abuse
What is Abuse?
Being mistreated or abused (sometimes called ‘Significant Harm')
is defined as Sexual Abuse, Physical Abuse, Neglect or Emotional
Types of Abuse
The NSPCC have specific pages on their website that will explain
each type of abuse in more detail. Click on the abuse title to be
directed to that specific page.
Physical abuse is deliberately hurting a child causing injuries
such as bruises, broken bones, burns or cuts.
Children who are emotionally abused suffer emotional
maltreatment or neglect. It's sometimes called psychological abuse
and can cause children serious harm.
Neglect is the ongoing failure to meet a child's basic
needs. It's dangerous and children can suffer serious and long-term
A child is sexually abused when they are forced or persuaded to
take part in sexual activities. This doesn't have to be physical
contact, and it can happen online.
Child sexual exploitation
Child sexual exploitation is a type of sexual abuse in which
children are sexually exploited for money, power or status.
Bullying and cyberbullying
Bullying can happen anywhere – at school, at home or online.
It’s usually repeated over a long period of time and can hurt a
child both physically and emotionally.
When one adult in a family or relationship threatens, bullies or
hurts another family member e.g. physically, psychologically,
emotionally, sexually or financially.
Witnessing domestic abuse is child abuse, and teenagers can
suffer domestic abuse in their relationships.
Child trafficking is a type of abuse where children are
recruited, moved or transported and then exploited, forced to work
Children and young people can be groomed online or in the real
world, by a stranger or by someone they know - for example a family
member, friend or professional.
Harmful sexual behaviour
Children and young people who develop harmful sexual behaviour
harm themselves and others.
Signs and symptoms
How to tell whether behaviour is normal for their age
Children develop and mature at different rates. So what’s
worrying for a younger child, might be normal behaviour for an
older child. If a child looks or acts a lot older or younger than
their age, this could be a cause for concern.
However, if a child develops more slowly than others of a
similar age and there’s not a cause such as physical or learning
disabilities, it could be a sign they’re being abused.
here to go to the section signs and symptoms and what
behaviour is normal
If you are worried about a child?
0808 800 5000
What to do if you suspect abuse - a guide to keeping children
NSPCC - 'Don't wait until you're certain'
The NSPCC launched their'Don't wait until you're certain'
campaign on 14 january 2013 to encourage members of the public not
to wait before taking action if they have concerns about the safety
or protection of a child.
The NSPCC are keen to change with the fact that almost half of
those contacting the NSPCC with serious concerns are still waiting
over a month before getting in touch. This can leave individual and
other children at risk and delay the deployment of interventions
that provide protection and support. For a young child a month can
feel like a lifetime. In 2011 almost 45,000 people across the UK
contacted the NSPCC worried about a child.
NSPCC guidance for parents on how to spot
the signs of child sexual abuse.
NSPCC - Share Aware Help your child stay
safe on social networks
An NSPCC campaign which provides straightforward advice to
parents on how to keep their 8-12-year-olds safe on social
networks. Resources include: a YouTube video; a parents' guide to
social networks; tips for talking to your child about online
safety; and a Be ShareAware guide.
More information can be found be clicking here